Solicitamos su permiso para la utilización de cookies en cumplimiento del Real Decreto-ley 13/2012. Si continúa navegando consideramos que acepta su uso. OK | Más información
The region offers the traveller a rich and diverse architectonic and cultural heritage from the typical architecture Museums, represented by the cattle crushes, forges, traditional washing facilities and houses, without forgetting the tourist charm of the monumental hydraulic constructions.
 

Don´t forget to visit...

El AtazarEl Atazar

    

 

 El BerruecoEl Berrueco

 

Cervera de BuitragoCervera de Buitrago

         

PatonesPatones

 

Puentes ViejasPuentes Viejas

 

Robledillo de la JaraRobledillo de la Jara






























El Atazar
Museums

     


The Eras of threshing. You were Musealizadas:
Located in the northern part of the rural nucleus, its origin dates back to the 17TH century. It was the place where it was traditionally trillaba and was aventaba the grain. The paving is slabs of slate and quartzite, arranged in a circular manner, to facilitate the collection of grain or the harvest.
In 1992 were included as part of the cultural heritage in the catalogof property protected.
 
 


Architectural points of interest 
 

Church of Saint Catherine of Alexandria:
Built in the 16th - 17TH century. It is made of masonry of slate, with a single nave plant. It consists of choir, attached vestry and porch of access at noon. The belfry exempt to the feet, is located on the side of the epistle.
 
   
Traditional houses:
Numerous traditional houses, whose origins go back to the 18th century, dotted around the village of El atazar dam. Singles them being constructed with walls of sillarejo with slabs of gneiss and slate, except cover in Arabic tiles to two waters. The peculiarity of these homes is that together housed housing area and the units to domestic livestock. The main room is the kitchen, bedrooms, are distributed around it while the upper part is intended to barn. 
 
The old source or source Arabic:
Located on the road that leads to the city centre from the El Atazar dam, on the shore of a small stream. It is covered by a closed arc of lithic flakes of stone. Its construction in 1.585 is associated with the possible Arab origin of El atazar dam.
  
Chozos and tinados:
The tinados were buildings designed to keep livestock. These constructions dotted around much of the municipality of El atazar dam.
The chozos are constructions of slate of small dimensions that were used to provide shelter for shepherds the days of heavy rain and cold.
  
   
Laundry room:
Used until the beginning of the 1980s he falls into disuse when they begin to appear the first washing machine in the municipality, at the time that comes the light; This happens in 1979, being of the last peoples of the community of Madrid to have electricity.
  
The battery:
Known as "the pylon", it has a primarily domestic use, the water comes from the Chortal spring, and in its creation became the source of water in the municipality moved to the old source or Arabic source as a supplier of water.
 

The watering hole:
Currently replaced by a new one, was a meeting place for neighbours after returning from chores in the field, there were drinking to mules and donkeys, usual chivalry in El atazar dam.
 
Resting place of chivalry:
Site built for the rest of horses and donkeys used in routes.

 

Festivals and traditions

Carnival:
It starts with the output of the Heifer that is manufactured with a frame of sticks and horns tied in the front simulating a real cow. It is covered with scarves of colors that the neighbors who leave for the occasion. The people running in front of the Heifer. Held coinciding with the week of Carnival.
 
La Cruz de Mayo:
The feast is on May 3, but its celebration depends on each year of the calendar, usually coincides with the celebration of labor day and the day of the community of Madrid.
In these festivals it venerates the Christ, who is taken in a procession to bless the fields. At the end of the procession will bypass the rods to introduce the Christ in the Church. The celebration is enlivened by an orchestra and a good skewer.
 
August festivals:
The first weekend of August celebrate the holidays, which are the most popular. Taking advantage of that municipality is home to its holiday-makers and the population increases by 50%.
 
Saint Catherine of Alexandria:
He is the patron saint of the municipality, the day of the Patron Saint is on November 25 and is held the weekend before or after, procession and mass on Sunday in honor of the Patron Saint.
 
Top 

El Berrueco

Museums

Water and stone are differentiating elements of the area. The municipality of El Berrueco shows both with two separate museums:
 
   
The Museum the stone:
This permanent exhibition manages to reveal the ancient vocation quarry of the municipality. Showing the importance of the granite berroqueño as raw material for the construction of housing, agricultural tools, parts of the industry of the time, and even indispensable elements in domestic chores.
This museum is situated in the old part of the municipality. The itinerary must be on foot, because that the pieces can easily find some close to others. The pieces are marked with lecterns, which describe the features and usefulness of the various elements. The tour ends in the viewpoint of the Church, where we will enjoy the extraordinary panoramic view of the reservoir that offers.
You can visit: the monument to the quarrymen, the bases of the three crosses, piles of wells, millstone, pillar of the cure, Horseshoe nails, Colt burner palomera, jambs and lintel, Manger, pile of washing clothes, magazine well of the well, roll of the era, trough battery and battery of the forge.

 

Architectural points of interest

Church of Santo Tomas Apostle: 
It was built in several phases over the remains of an old Hermitage (altar): porch of wood with roll on pillars of granite (17th century), Gothic sacristy (cast: XVIII). Its most important element is the cover of style románico-mudéjar dating from the 13th century.
It is rectangular in shape of a single ship. Tower of square and three bodies of height, with Windows of half a point on each side.

The cruise:
The transept of the Church consists of three crossings of granite, whose origin and function are unknown. There are two theories, one says that these crosses are the tenth second station of the via Crucis of Easter (the Calvary) and other people claim that they are related to the Festival of la Cruz de Mayo (May 3) in which bendecían the fields for good harvests.

The pillory or roll: 
It is the most representative El berrueco element. It is granite stone on stone plinth consisting of three large steps. It presents a monolithic granite stone shaft and the basement and the capital are of single piece. It has an inscription from the year 1000, at the top, indicating the date of execution of the column as a constructive element.
He was ordered to put the pillory in 1593. It was a sign of criminal jurisdiction and place of public display to shame and derision of wrongdoers.
 
    
The Watchtower: 
It stands on a hill on the outskirts of the city centre on the road to El atazar dam (M-133). It is an Islamic military structure, which was part of a monitoring system and was composed of two or three lookouts Tower, as well as riders on horseback.
It was built between the centuries IX and X. It is cylindrical plant, with about 9 meters in the height and 6.20 m in diameter, cone-shaped and probably with three heights. It has a single gateway.
The system of communication was by transmission of signals by means of fire and smoke. According to different authors regard as them part of the policy of protection of border areas of the Emirate of Muhamed I, others point out them at the time of Abd - Rahman III, around the 10th century.
Declared historic-artistic monument in 1983

Colt of Horseshoe nails:
It is made with granite pillars and utensils from wood and iron. It is one of the oldest in the area. It was used in the past for the fittings of the cattle and wear on the stone can be seen by the friction of the legs of cows that missed. There was a forge Municipal next to the rack.

Roman Bridge:
It is located on the Arroyo jóbalo down the River, 500 metres from the road linking El Berrueco with Sieteiglesias. It is believed that he may have direct relationship with the Roman road in the 1st century BC linking the North with Alcalá de Henares and Talamanca. Until the 18th century has been forced passage of carriages towards Madrid, Alcala, etc., from the port of Somosierra and northward to go to Burgos, Soria, etc., that it was the only stone bridge across the Jóbalo.
 
Hermitage:
Remains of the chapel of St. Mary in the village of Valcamino, abandoned without any apparent reason at the end of the 17TH century.
 

Festivals and traditions

Living crèche:
He has been underway since 1999, and gradually it has become one of the most important events of the Sierra Norte, involving all the families of the people, it represents in two Saturday at Christmas.
 
   
Carnival: 
At this time the people of the municipality take the Heifer for two days embellished with roles of colors, as people will disguise. The Heifer is the Sunday of Carnival. The women of the municipality make Sunday of Carnival the Heifer and pastas in wood-fired oven. On Tuesday of Carnival always has been the major day of these celebrations. The City Council makes the traditional chorizada to grilled with wood of jara.y the traditional costume contest
 
Easter:
It begins with the processional Sunday parade. Good Friday is the Via Crucis on the streets of the municipality, making firearms at each stop.

Árbol-Mayo:
The first day of the month of May is when the implementation of the may square. It consists of cutting a straight and tall poplar to celebrate the arrival of spring. Performed it before the casaderos young and say that it is a custom that has lasted from the time of the Celts.

Our Lady of the remedies:
Held the second weekend of may, the feast of the Patron Saint of the municipalityCoinciding with these festivities he is a stonework, another of equestrian competition and made a pilgrimage to the Hermitage of Santa Maria of Valcamino. When the procession reaches the square they dance jacks and in the afternoon a snack involving neighbors is celebrated. At night there are folk dancing and Fireworks.

Summer festivals: 
August 15 celebrate these holidays, they held a mass in honor of the Virgin, followed by a procession of drummers and dulzaineros and organized by the Association of neighbors.

Parade:
On 5 January is celebrated the traditional parade of Kings through the streets of the municipality
 
Corpus:
The Corpus is celebrated with a mass, procession and wreath in the square.
 

Cervera de Buitrago

Museums

Architectural points of interest

    
Church of Santa María de los Remedios: 
Church of Baroque style, raised in the 16th century (1538). It retains the original header, as well as the Mudejar paneled covering such a header. Originally there were two ships, which became a single after the reform which undertake in 1945. The sacristy is located next to the altar, forming a separate body; the belfry of the two bodies, is situated in a side, with two matched semicircular arches, and the other over the previous. The cover is simple, semicircular, with seating on the southern façade segments. Like many of the temples in the area, was looted during the Civil War, moment in which loses the altarpiece of the presbytery. 
 
The Colt:
Construction used Horseshoe nails to work cattle. The origin of this piece, typical of the municipalities with livestock tradition dates back to the middle agesIts handling was simple: between the stone monoliths he introduced the animal, and was tied to the iron forges; the cramped space, with the presence of wood planks, reduced the mobility of the animal to facilitate the work of the fittings.

Laundry room:
Old laundry in public, essential utility for the performance of domestic duties at a time when there was no water flow in the houses of the municipality. In addition to being a space of public utility, the laundry was a fundamental space in social relations, since that was the meeting place for residents of Cervera. Today, the laundry room contains two holiday homes, where it has been trying to keep to the maximum the internal structure of the same, thereby preserving one of the cultural identity of the municipality.

Traditional houses:
These traditional buildings adapt to forms that describes the highlight, which gives sizes and quite peculiar shapes.
They are made in stone with a cover of Arabic tiles. Its façade is characterized by the absence of decorative elements, as well as the scarcity of slots, limited to the existence of openings, in order to protect themselves from the harsh mountain winters. The mixed use of themis more characteristic of the traditional houses, i.e., they combined the residential function and agriculture. The kitchen was the centerpiece of the House, where he was the lar. Sometimes there was a second floor which was used to store grain. Abroad, annexed auxiliary constructions such as blocks, pens, sheds, etc.

Festivals and traditions

In the month of December is celebrated in Cervera the feast of the Virgin of the O, patron saint of Cervera and traditional large celebration of the people, with dance, bands and popular chorizada. Held on 18 and 19 December, although now her does coincide with the aim of next week, so that to attend the cerveratos who live outside the village.

December 31:
The young men collect wood for the "luminaire" and ask for the bonus, which traditionally consisted of diverse food. At night, to say goodbye to the old year and welcome to the new turns the luminaire with firewood collected during the day.

Carnivals:
    
On Tuesday of Carnival there is the "Heifer" (young dressed with horns which persecutes people).
Easter: There is a monument in the parish church, adorned with flowers of the field. There are processions and via Crucis.

Day of the Corpus:
During this day the young men and young girls build, each, an altar, where the passage of the procession will stop.
The route of the passage of the Blessed Sacrament, is adorned with flowers, shawls, pañoletas, and passing the path with Lavender is carpet.
 
Summer: 
Celebrate the holidays in honour of the Virgen de los Remedios, the last weekend of July.

Santiago Apostle day: Pattern of Cervera
The brotherhood, call of the Blessed Sacrament and souls under the patronage of St. James the Apostle, is responsible for preparing the Holy and lemonade to offer to the inhabitants of the village. In addition this brotherhood is responsible for offering masses of dead and help the families of deceased in burial.
 

Patones

Museums

Ecomuseum of the slate:
The Ecomuseum of the slate in the open air, is a proposal to discover black architecture of this municipality through the most emblematic places of the town which thus become the common thread to decipher life forms and traditional cultural heritage.
Citeco (ancient Church of S. Giuseppe) is the starting point, here is a first interpretation of the architecture of slate in Spain and the community of Madrid, as well as an introduction of the main rock materials and concepts to understand the architecture of the region and its cultural meaning. From here there are two guided tours:
One of them, the Ages of the architecture, proposes a journey through time and evolution of society through the popular architecture of Paton.
The other, called Food architecture, relates the traditional architecture with food in an interesting route that will allow us to discover the places where fraguaban basic foodstuffs: wine cellars, ovens, eras, cochiqueras, arrenes, tinados…
Visit any of the two routes is simple, because both are clearly signposted via panels located in places of special interest, but to their interpretation and location, it is essential to accompanied by local guides who can be found onCITECO.
 
 

Architectural points of interest

   
Eras: 
To the work of threshing and Supermen of the harvest. Its origin seems to go back to the 18th centuryThey are staggered on the slope of the mountain, in terraces of slate, using walls in order to achieve a horizontal surface on the slope. If you look carefully, among the terraces warns the presence of holes of different sizes, used for both save the threshing implements to be used in fresqueras. In Patones, can find three types of Eras, the paved, at the heart of Patones, which arouse greater curiosity among the visitors by the tile layout composing different forms radial and geometric; and the grass and the Earth in Patones de Abajo.

Traditional washing:
The laundry has two distinct parts: one for washing and another to clarify. The pylons are filled with excess water from the source.

St Joseph"s Church:
It stands on an ancient chapel with a Bell Tower, built with stone and lime in 1653; a century later, this temple becomes Church. The old structure of the Temple stands today: rectangular ground plan of a single nave, cover with epistle of half a point, sacristy with the Epistle and Tower. The tower is decentered and has four holes with semicircular arches. Restored, opens its doors to the public as C.I.T.E.C.O in 1998. (Cultural educational tourism initiatives and leisure centre).

Dehesa de la Oliva archaeological site:
The Castro of the Dehesa de la Oliva dates from the 2nd century BCIt was inhabited until the time of Roman rule. However, the discovery of coins belonging to the period of the reign of Henry II of Castile, seems to indicate that this occupation lasted until the late Middle Ages. This village was fenced off by several sections of walls. The streets were straight and horizontal. The houses were of masonry, fathomless directly on the rock, leading to fill with Earth and stone the inequalities of the ground in its interior. They techaban based on tree trunks, covered with tables and branches, and they were waterproof with long curved tile. It consisted of two rooms: one went to save farming tools and elements of work and the other, was devoted to family stay.
After its abandonment as a residential place the Summit of the site was reused as a necropolis between the centuries V and VI a.d.

Hermitage of the Virgin of the olive:
It is located in the meadow of the Hulk of the olive. Its date of construction dates from the 12th century to early 13th. Built in brick and limestone, of Romanesque style - Mudejar, consists of a nave of rectangular plant and a semicircular apse, where inserted three small holes abocinados and crowned with a semicircular arch. It is only preserved the apse and the first section of the ship.

Reservoirs and dams

    
Channel Cabarrús:
Built in the 18th century it remained in use until 1822. He was traveling through the terms of Torrelaguna, Patones, Torremocha. Today day remnants of buildings of this channel: bridges, the craft, etc.

Prey of the pontoon of the olive:
Located on the Lozoya River, began construction in August, 1851 and was finished in 1856The works are carried out under appalling conditions of work with more than 1,500 inmates and 200 free workers. It has 72,44 meters in length and 6,72 width at the coronation, by 39 of width at the base, rises to 27 meters above the riverbed. Due to leaks it ceased operation in 1904, although it is sometimes filled with excess water from the Atazar dam.
 
 

Caving and climbing

Patones is a privileged place for the practice of the caving and climbing, not only because of its proximity to the capital but because its limestone rocks offer to these spectacular sportsmen vertical walls and endless galleries with gateras, rolling mills, wells...

The cave of the Reguerillo:
Discovered in 1864, with its 8.190 m. distributed on three levels, it is the largest of the community of Madrid. It is located in the Cerro de la Oliva.
It was declared a historical monument art in 1944, and is located within an area that boasts the area B.I.C. rating with the category of archaeological zone, not in vain in the interior are the unique rock engravings of the Upper Paleolithic in the community of Madrid.
 
 

Festivals and traditions

6 January:
Cabalgata de los Reyes Magos, chocolate and roscón.

February 2:
Feast of our Lady of the candles patron people"s.

Carnivals:
As it is tradition in almost all the peoples of this region, there is the Festival of "La Vaquilla", costumes and dance contest.

Feast day of St. John:
He is celebrated on June 24 with bullfighting, Fireworks, children"s games and dance.
 

Top


Puentes Viejas

Reservoirs and dams

 
Old bridge dam:
CTRA M-135 km. 10, direction Buitrago walls.
Total surface: 292 hectares, it has a capacity of 53 cubic are, and its height is 66 m.
It is situated in the middle of the Lozoya river course. It belongs to the network of reservoirs of the Canal de Isabel II, he was the third built dam to ensure the supply of Madrid. Its construction began in 1916, but works for the expansion and improvement was not completed until 1939.
The old bridge dam works in combination with the auxiliary dam of the dark, built in 1922, that allows to loop the murky waters of the first, avoiding entering the adjoining dam of El Villar.

The dam of the Villar:
CTRA M-127
It is located between the municipalities of old bridge and Robledillo la Jara. It was built in the 19th century. It came into operation in 1873, as the highest dam in Spain, but more than a century It has been subject to several reforms and currently continues to provide service. As in the Pontón de la Oliva, was chosen by a closed throat to locate prey. The dam has 107 metres in length, at the top and a thickness of 5 meters. The height of the wall is 50 meters. The storage capacity of the reservoir is 22.4 cubic are of water and has a maximum of 144 hectares, comprising 20 km of shore. The factory of the dam is of cement, concrete and sillarejo with auctions of stalls.This being the first dam of vault built in the world, became everything a reference within the hydraulic works of his time. This is the case that this type of constructions are known in the rest of the world under the name of "Spanish dams".


Mangirón

Museums

Architectural points of interest

Church of St James the Apostle:
Lifted on Mudejar remains, its current structure dates from the 15th - 16th, has undergone several reconstructions and reforms, in which their iconographic and movable heritage has been diminished.
Its plant is rectangular nave with wide header and hexagonal apse, preceded by a triumphal arch of granite of half a point.
The portico of access is on South side. The belfry at the foot presents two bodies, in masonry, with small flashing. The cover in the southern facade is Mudejar. On the key, under the alfiz, it has a decorative band of three rows of brick in esquinilla.
The forward is in brick, except the apse which is in stone in the form of pigeon breast.
In the interior include a gravestone carved of the 15th century.

Traditional laundry:
Element of public, essential use for the performance of domestic chores. Built in the 20th century, it is a rectangular building with roof of Arab tile on wood lattice. Recently, the laundry has been rehabilitated in order to protect one of the main elements of the traditional culture of Mangirón. It should mention the important social laundry component, that it was the place of meeting and meeting of the inhabitants of this village.

Colt of Horseshoe nails:
Del potro of Horseshoe nails is a structure used to hold the horses, donkeys and even cows to facilitate that them can Horseshoe nails or cure.
Built with large monolithic pieces of granite with complementary elements of wood and wrought iron, necessary for attaching to the animals.
This old foal of Horseshoe nails, is today restored and protected with a cover.

Old source:
Located in the vicinity of the stream of Mangirón, next to the path of Peñas Baladeras. This is probably the oldest building in the heart of Mangirón, given its location and morphology gives the impression of having been erected by the Muslims in medieval times. It is a small source as a pit covered with stone as a small stand.
 
    
Mirabel Tower:
Access: From Magirón Ctra M-126, take direction to el Berrueco, to continue on the road M-127 (El Berrueco - Cervera) where there.
Situated in an area of meadows of the North Bank of the River Jóbalo, on a promontory of the terrain is undulating and with abundant granite mountain.
Dates from the 16th century - 17THCharacteristics and location defined its use as a post of surveillance and deterrent in nature to the stealthy and thieves, giving shelter to the guards of the property.
The Mirabel Tower is cylindrical structure of two bodies, in granitic irregular masonry, with medium-sized stonework shackled with sandy mortar. The gateway only and direct entry into the Southwest flank, with reduced download on lintel arch. Hollows doorways in stone, in low and first plants stalls arranged in equidistant way and open each one to a flank. The Tower"s height is 7.8 meters and rests on a base of 5.3 meters in diameter.
As decorative elements, there is a concave edge shaped Gorge and crenelations shaped pilaster topped pyramid. Heraldic coat of arms on the Southwest window.
Declared a historic-artistic monument in 1983.
 
Caserío de Santillana:
It is located in the meadow that bears the same name, on the banks of the El Atazar dam. In its current location, there was a village that ended up disappearing without apparent reason, and to which tradition has associated a curious legend.
This town had a parish church, which over the years became the chapel of Santa Juliana, where the people of Mangirón went to venerate the Virgin of the relief.
In the 20th century, this Hermitage disappears after the purchase of land by a private individual. It should make special mention of the abundance of pastures and firewood for many years has produced this meadow, where there were fertile market gardens on the banks of the Lozoya River. Hunting wealth of this space, is also one of the most important characteristics, wealth which was already cited in the book of Montería, Alfonso XI.

Festivals and traditions

The Heifer - Carnival:
It differs from the Heifer of other peoples in that it allows seeing the person that leads the Heifer.

July 25, Santiago Apostle:
Religious acts as mass and procession with their corresponding auction of rods, in addition to music until the wee hours of the morning, activities for children and sports events.
 
on September 29, San Miguel:
It starts with a gourd diana of dulzaineros who walk the streets of the town. Later mass and procession, and at the end, becomes a great fire in the square for grilling chops, sausages, Bacon etc.

on November 1; All Saints:
It has recovered again thanks to the Cultural Association, it is to go the disguised people with illuminated skulls made of gourds, singing a song.

 

Cinco Villas

Architectural points of interest

Iglesia Parroquial de Santa Ana - Cinco Villas     
Parish Church of Santa Ana:
Situated in Church Street, its date of construction is unknown, and has undergone several renovations, the last in 1982.
Its plant is rectangular nave with triumphal arch. The roof is gabled with armor of wood with straps. The cover on the side of the epistle is trabeated and has a low portico.
The belfry at the foot is of two bodies, in whitewashed brick and modern baptismal font.
View face masonry exterior combined with whether and plastered interior finishing.
It has modern images of la Purisima, Virgen del Carmen and San Roque.
 
Colt of Horseshoe nails:
It is located at the junction of the street of the Palomar with the North Road.
It presents a structure of large monolithic granite with complementary elements of wooden parts.
It retains some elements of wrought iron were used to fasten the straps that held the animal.
 
Old source:
Located in the upper part of the Palomar Street, at ground level, is the oldest source of the people, whose origin goes back to the middle agesIts construction is of Arabic as a pit-pit style open topped stone, giving quadrangular shape. It is housed in pretty good condition.
 
Traditional laundry:
Rehabilitated and roofed over. Its location is the same as in origin while, formerly, was at ground level.

Festivals and traditions

This small population Center celebrates its annual festivals in honour of his Patron Saint Roque on 16 August. Start the day 15, with the round of young men and young girls.

 

Paredes de Buitrago

Museums

Architectural points of interest

The Church of the Immaculate Conception:
Built in the 15th century, Mudejar Gothic (was destroyed during the Civil War). It consists of a single-nave rectangular with slightly pointed triumphal arch. The chancel is covered by a barrel vault with lunettes. The cover is opened on the side of the epistle, is composed of four concentric arches slightly pointed and framed by an alfiz. The belfry, in the side of the epistle, has three bodies topped with triangular pediment and pinnacles. The wing is built with granite.
The interior boasts, the medieval pile in the baptismal Chapel.
 
     Paisaje de Paredes de Buitrago
Hermitage of solitude:
Located next to the cemetery.
Dating from the 16th century, while the it exact date of its construction is unclear.
It was destroyed during the civil war, retaining only remains next to the old cemetery. It was rebuilt in 2007. It is rectangular in shape of a single ship. Its masonry walls warns the presence of large slabs of stone, to strengthen the corners with coarsely carved ashlars. The cover consists of a semicircular arch resting on two monolithic jambs of granite.
 
Forge:
It has now been transformed into the Museum of the forgeIt manufactured the various elements used both in agriculture and animal husbandry and the construction and cooking utensils. The blacksmith performed their work in return for charging a fee to residents.
It is housed in its interior all machinery in its original state
 
The laundry room:
It is a construction of necessary public use for the performance of domestic activities, that it was the location used by the residents to wash clothes. He came to the filling of the sink with water from a stream, source or ditch. Eventually, the original laundry has suffered consistent with each era renovations. Currently he has proceeded to his enclosure, trying as well to preserve an element of great importance in mountain culture.
 
Bunkers or pillboxes of the Civil War:
Declared of Cultural interest.
At the exit of walls of Buitrago, going by the M-127, they might be, on both sides of the road, old bunkers of the Civil War. There are two types: German manufacturing (built at ground level and with a single ventanuco to shoot) and Russian (with two wickets to shoot and built under the ground). Formed by resistant vault with armored coat to install artillery pieces.
 
The ravine mill:
Old mill to which residents of walls were going to grind the grain of wheat and flour to obtain. The mill retains inside all the original elements. It lies along the Arroyo de la Nava, about 700 m To the West of the regional M-127, direction Pradeña (Km 21), in the place known as Las Navazas, of municipal ownership.

 

Serrada de la Fuente

Museums

 

Architectural points of interest

    
Parish Church of Saint Andrew:
The difference with the rest of temples in the area is its lateral façade responds to typology of civil building, with a small pediment on the entrance door.
It is rectangular in shape of a single nave, presbytery vault of edge which joins the sacristy. With cover trabeated on the side of the Epistle and belfry of three bodies at the foot of the craft of masonry and brick.
Its interior houses two important works, an Baroque St. Andrew painting and a neo-Gothic altarpiece.
Outside it is a square closed with parapet with herrerianas balls.
 
Laundry room:
In origin, the laundry room was at ground level and was a haven which formed the brook that descends from Horcajo de la Sierra. With the passage of time, and in order to provide comfort to residents built a swimming pool. Today, the laundry has been the subject of rehabilitation, by presenting clearly separate washing area and clarified.
 
Colt:
In good condition. Used Horseshoe nails cows and horses, that due to its structure, there is a better immobilization of the animal, by facilitating the work of the fittings. It is composed of six complementary pieces of wood and granite monoliths and forges. These last are the originals. Normally the colt, owned by the municipality, was placed in the vicinity of the forge.

 
Top 

Robledillo de la Jara

Museums

    
Ethnographic Museum (Tavern - Museum):
C / La Fuente, 12
Tel.: 659 571 393
Located in the city centre, the tavern Museum occupies a traditional mid-19th century housingThe Museum is in order to make known the traditional in this part of the Sierra Norte customs, while we tasted a typical mountain dish.
This exhibition of traditional culture, is composed of different thematic corners: the massacre, bread, honey extraction and production of wine.
In each of them are tools, utensils and other parts used in the preparation of bread, honey, etc. In addition, the ethnographic museum recalls two pieces of housing, of great importance: the kitchen, where no lack of representation of the lar, and the original wine cellar of the House, to evoke the importance that the vineyard had on the economy of Robledillo la Jara.

Center of interpretation of Mycology:
It is located in the old municipal laundry, which was rehabilitated to develop this activity.
A place of visit, observation, training and information that has interactive multimedia equipment, educational panels, reproductions of the species is area Mycological and microscopes for the recognition of the species.
This Center offers courses and workshops on participatory nature, which combines education, research, the separate Mycological and environmental education.
Weekend offers direct attention to the public, in a personalized way, for any query related to the world of fungi.
Information and reservations: 672 17 42 18 / 91 868 71 80

Museum of laundry:
C / Domingo Ramirez, corner c / Jesús del Valle
Tel. 91 868 71 80
Old municipal laundry, now converted into a museum.
 
 

Architectural points of interest

Church of St. Peter the Apostle:
Church rebuilt in 1893. The uniqueness of it resides in the use of brick factory, which gives the Temple of a style neomudejar popular, different to the typology of religious architecture characteristic of the area.
It has a single nave rectangular in shape. The sacristy is attached and integrated to the ship.
On the main façade, the door, is part of a cutback arc.
The belfry, realized in brick, is crowned by two semicircular arches.
It should be noted the conservation inside of an baptismal font and a Renaissance origin holy water.
 
Roman Bridge:
Bridge of medieval origin, linking the banks of the Lozoya River. After the construction of the reservoir, it was submerged under waters, so it is only visible when the level of the reservoir is very low. On he ran the Royal Hiruela Cañada, and was power to the Duke of Infantado charge taxes for herds that over this bridge.
 
    
Washing of the morality and above:
They are located on the edges of the core. Street of the source and Las Eras.
They were buildings of rectangular plan with the battery in its interior. Facades with large horizontal gaps. Emplty and painted brick walls. Covered two waters. Today the laundry of the fountain Street is home to the Center of interpretation of Mycology and the laundry of the ages is the Museum of the laundry.

Colt of Horseshoe nails:
Piece which dates back to the middle ages. This instrument was used Horseshoe nails to livestock, as well as to practice them necessary cures. Generally, it was located in the vicinity of the forge with a watercourse, to facilitate the work to the blacksmith. The Colt is composed of the following elements: pillars of stone, usually six, different size, of which the smallest served as support to the leg bent of the animal; the yoke of wood or ubio, where are you holding the head and the planks of wood, to fasten the straps of leather that inmovilizaban to the animal.

Traditional pit:
Rehabilitated well which is located next to the rack of Horseshoe nails. Not long ago, Robledillo residents had to go to the wells located in the streets of the village to obtain drinking water.
 
Former clinic:
Building dating back to 1940, which gave service to this population and to La Puebla, Cervera de Buitrago, Berzosa of Lozoya and El atazar dam.
In origin, the Office was located on the main floor, while the superior gave place to the residence of the doctor.
Today houses a cozy Inn.

Chapel of del Villar:
Located where possibly stood the village of El Villar, was destroyed during the civil war, and it only remains of its semicircular apse are kept. Nearby are sepulchral slabs, fact that makes suppose a Roman origin of the outright from El Villar. Currently, this chapel has become a point of pilgrimage for pilgrims in honor to the Virgen del Villar.

Reservoirs and dams

Presa del Villar:
Built between 1869 and 1882, it is located on the Lozoya River, halfway between the towns of old bridge and Robledillo la Jara.
It is part of the network of dams and reservoirs that supply water to the community of Madrid. Dam the waters that give rise to the reservoir that bears the same name. Its total height is 45.5 m. Its walls embalsan 24 million cubic metres of water. In its day, this dam was a preview as it was the first of the type originally built in Europe, presenting a model of the same at the Exposition Universelle of Paris 1878.
 

Festivals and traditions

Carnival:
There are costume contest and celebrated the burial of the sardine. They dance the Heifer that traditionally dress up with scarves. After dancing the Heifer for children, elderly and young men of the village, it is concluded with a symbolic death of the same and distributes Sangria among the attendees.
 
Summer Festival:
It takes place in mid-August and consists of parades, live performances and traditional contest play back involving adults and children of the municipality and of the neighbouring peoples.
 
Our Lady of the Rosary:
He is the patron saint of Robledillo, his party is in early October, with mass and procession, carried out the auction of the rods to carry the Virgin, also there are dance, exhibitions, Championships of mus and Briscola.
 

Puntos de interés / Points of interest

Arquitectura popular, restos de oficios antiguos, atalayas, presas y agua...Popular architecture, remnants of old offices, towers, dams and water ...
 
Contacto
Calle Real, 47 - 28192
El Berrueco
Tf: 918686064
Fax: 918686070
Email:info@embalsedelatazar.es